What is Dyslexia?

The student who struggles with reading, writing, and/or spelling often puzzles teachers and parents. The student displays adequate intelligence and receives the same classroom instruction that benefits most children. Still the student struggles with some or all of the many facets of reading, writing, and/or spelling. This student may be identified as a student with dyslexia.

  1. Dyslexia means a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity.
  2. Related disorders include disorders similar to or related to dyslexia such as developmental auditory imperception, dysphasia, specific developmental dyslexia, developmental dysgraphia, and developmental spelling disability.

As defined in TEC 38.002 of the Texas Education Code: Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specific language-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulty in single-word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing. These difficulties in single-word decoding are often unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities; they are not the result of generalized developmental disability or sensory impairment. Dyslexia is manifested by variable difficulty with different forms of language, often including, in addition to, problems with reading, a conspicuous problem with acquiring proficiency in writing and spelling.

Working definition of dyslexia approved by the International Dyslexia Association Research committee, April 1994, in collaboration with individuals from the National Center for Learning Disabilities and the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development

Kim Lee
Coordinator of Pre-K 2 ELAR & Social Studies
3413 Summerhill Road
Texarkana, Texas 75503
Phone: 903.793.7561 ext. 1315
Fax: 903.255.3280

Terre Carroll
Coordinator of Dyslexia Grant

ext. 1043
Becky Carmickle
Coordinator of SEM (School wide Enrichment Model)

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Leslie Mulkey
Dyslexia Teacher and Student Dyslexia Assessments

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